Tick Borne Illness and Forest Fragmentation
by Joseph S. Butera, President and Co-Founder, Northeast Ecological Recovery Center

This former canopied forest along with its vernal pool in the foreground was fragmented by new residential development, decreasing its ecological health and increasing habitat for white-footed mice, prime vectors of tick-borne illness. Photo by D. Gibson

As the nice weather comes upon us, some of us wish to get out into the great outdoors, our parks and forested areas.  But oh yes, there's one little problem, Lyme Disease.   "Remember, Knowledge is Power."

Lyme Disease comes down to ONE SIMPLE FACT: Lower numbers of ticks attaching themselves to White-footed Mice, equals lower cases of Lyme disease.  How is this achieved?  "Complexity Brings Forth Stability” In other words:  Biodiversity!

Recent studies by Dr. R. Ostfeld and others from the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies has shown, there are three major factors contributing to Lyme Disease. (1)  Habitat Fragmentation; (2) Lack of Predators; (3) Compromised Dilution Effect.  



07/15/20 Developer Rejects Conservation Design at Woodward Lake – Again. Even during the summer’s pandemic, development submittals to the Adirondack Park Agency have not slowed very much. Case in point: the proposed developer of Woodward Lake in Fulton County has submitted additional information to the Adirondack Park Agency this month of July.
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Woodward Lake. Photo © Dave Gibson

06/16/20 Did the Governor Appoint APA Members on the Basis of their Qualifications? George Davis is a visionary and practiced land use planner and ecologist. In the early years of the Adirondack Park Agency, George helped to conceive, draft, and implement the Adirondack Park State Land Master Plan and the park’s Private Land Use and Development Plan. George Davis comes to my mind now because of several proposed amendments to the APA’s Adirondack Park private land use map. read more >

05/26/20 Amending the APA Map and the burden of proof George Davis is a visionary and practiced land use planner and ecologist. In the early years of the Adirondack Park Agency, George helped to conceive, draft, and implement the Adirondack Park State Land Master Plan and the park’s Private Land Use and Development Plan.
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George Davis, with head lowered, and Peter Paine of the APA at a public hearing in the early 1970s. Photo by Paul Schaefer.

04/28/20 Environmental Champion Bernard C. Smith Marking 50 years of Earth Day (1970-2020) should not pass without paying tribute to the late New York State Senator Bernard C. Smith.  The late State Senator and chair of the Senate’s environmental conservation committee combined a strong moral and ethical compass with political talent and negotiating skill to protect and conserve our state’s wild lands, wild rivers and natural resources from 1965-1978.
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Bernard C. Smith

04/21/20 Every Day is Earth Day Every day is Earth Day. That’s what folks knew and said to each other on April 23, 1970 – and ever since. Fifty years on, April 22, 2020, it’s obvious as well as vital to act accordingly since life support systems on our fragile earth have been torn and rendered by human activity and population growth since 4/22/70. This Coronavirus COVID-19 is novel to human beings. Today’s atmospheric carbon concentrations are novel for all life on earth – and only existed some 3.5 million years ago. read more >
View from the Siamese Ponds Wilderness

03/31/20 Louis Marshall and Forever Wild Thirty-three years ago, that champion of the Adirondack wilderness, Paul Schaefer, then aged 78, first introduced me to his Adirondack library. Among the first volumes he brought to my attention – because he valued it and had read it repeatedly since he was a younger man – was the transcript of the 1894 New York State Constitutional Convention in Albany – the one that, after weeks of debate, by vote of 122-0 approved the “forever wild” provision protective of the Adirondack and Catskill Forest Preserve. read more >
Louis Marshall



08/02/20 • Groups urge state to buy Whitney land in Adirondacks read more >

07/31/20 • Conservationists call for state to buy Whitney Park read more >

06/30/20 • High Peaks Recommendations Should Connect to Management Plan read more >

06/27/20 • A Hamilton County mountaintop in dispute
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06/24/20 • Advisory Committee Issues Preliminary Recommendations For High Peaks Overuse
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06/13/20 • Senate OKs full board for APA
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07/30/20 • Conservation of Whitney Park an Urgent Priority read more >
06/25/20 • High Peaks Recommendations Should Connect to Wilderness Management Plan read more >
05/29/20 • Adirondack Wild Elects New Board Members. read more >
08/11/20 • Proposed Essex Chain of Lakes Primitive Area UMP Amendments read more >
08/05/20 • US Army Ft. Drum - Programmatic Enviornmental Assessment read more >
05/12/20 • Followup Letter to APA, Remsen to Lake Placid Travel Corridor UMP Amendment read more >

The mission of Adirondack Wild: Friends of the Forest Preserve is to advance New York’s ‘Forever Wild’ legacy and Forest Preserve policies in the Adirondack and Catskill Parks, and promote public and private land stewardship that is consistent with wild land values through education, advocacy and research.

Photos: Top left: Adirondack scenery © Phil Falconer;
Field Notes From the Partners: Carved 'Beaver House' sign - by Paul Schaefer. Photo © Ken Rimany;
Wild Action Now photo: Dan Plumley at the Keene Valley Library, along with Naj Wikoff, sharing what they learned and offered to the gathering of leaders at the Conference of World Parliamentarians on Tibet. Photo  © Ken Rimany.

Peter Brinkley, Honorary Chair
Terry Jandreau, Chair
Christopher Amato
Vice Chair & Counsel
David H. Gibson, Partner
Mobile: 518.469.4081

Adirondack Wild: Friends of the Forest Preserve    Founded 1945   PO Box 9247 • Niskayuna New York 12309 | ©